Eczema is a skin condition in which a person's skin to become dry, itchy, reddened and cracked. This chronic condition affecting both men and women and mainly affects children. It is also known as Atopic Eczema or atopic dermatitis. About 30% of the skin disease eczema will be diagnosed. Atopic Eczema eczema means inherited. This can occur in any part of the body and that is a long-term disease. The intensity of the disease increased at some stage in life and require intensive care. Eczema can be triggered in response to allergic to various substances and situations.
Causes Of Eczema
Eczema commonly found in people with a history of atopic diseases such as asthma, hay fever and other allergies. Typically 90% of the patients develop the condition before reaching the age of 5 years. The rash starts on the face, scalp, hands and feet. In adults the rash is seen in the knees and elbows, neck, hands and feet. Although the exact cause of the attack or eczema is unknown, can ignite when exposed to certain triggers, such as
Allergens include pet hair, dander, pollen, mold, food such as eggs, nuts, dairy products, wheat, shellfish etc it also triggers the allergens asthma and hay fever.
Skin Irritants-perfumes, household chemicals, harsh soaps, alcohol-containing skin products-, tight clothes, wool is the primary skin irritation.
- Excess heat conditions – climate and low humidity or high trigger eczema. Condition dry skin during the winter also trigger flare-ups.
- Water-bath hot and hard water trigger eczema.
- Cold or Flu infection-body eczema triggers
- Stress when stress improves skin dryness and itching improved.
- Food-certain foods cause allergic reactions in sensitive people. Food items that can cause allergies include cow's milk, eggs, nuts, soy, wheat etc.
- Hormones-there are reports that the symptoms of eczema in women worsens during the menstrual cycle. About 30% of women have a flare up in the days before the period. About 50% of women with bad eczema symptoms eczema undergo when they are pregnant. This suggests that hormonal changes affect the symptoms of eczema.
When such person has eczema and no flare ups of symptoms are as follows
- Skin feels dry
- Some areas of the skin looks cracked
- The skin on certain areas become itchy and may appear as a crude if uncontrolled scratching
- Increased itching at night
- The thickened skin caused by scratching
- Some areas of the skin becomes red and inflamed
- Some areas of inflamed skin develops blisters and liquid begins to flow
- The skin develops red patches, Brown or grey
- There will be bumps appear on the skin
When patients have a flare up of eczema, the above symptoms will be there and some new symptoms appeared. The symptoms developed during flare-ups included
- The skin becomes very itchy
- Itching and scratching to make the skin look more red, raw and more sensitive
- The skin becomes more dry and scaly
- The affected area becomes hotter
- The skin develops blisters
- Lump arising will be more prominent and can leak fluid
- Bacterial infections o0f the disaster occurs
How It Affects Your Life?
Eczema is a condition causing frustrating and stressful.
- In people with severe eczema everyday life will be challenging and very uncomfortable.
- Intense itching leads to loss of sleep and keep kids off from school and adults out of work.
- People will not want to mingle with the others because they are embarrassed about the condition of the skin.
- They will not be able to enjoy the swimming pool or sports activities as the chemicals in the water and sweating can trigger flare-ups.
It puts people in a vicious cycle. The disease starts with itching and scratching causing itching worsens. The patient will scratch the skin causing more bleeding. Life becomes very challenging for those affected. The disease produces scarring that makes people embarrassed about their condition. There are home remedies for eczema scars that will help to get rid of scars.
The Goal Of Managing Eczema
You need to make smart choices and following a good routine to manage their eczema effectively. The main purpose of the management of eczema include
• Maintaining healthy skin
• Avoid flare of symptoms
• Relieving symptoms quickly when flares occur
Good skin care is the most important thing that is needed to manage eczema. Some of the things that helps to manage eczema including
Regular Bathing-this helps to keep the skin hydrated and relieve inflamed skin crust. It also eliminates germs and dirt from the affected area. Do not use harsh soaps when showering. Do not rub or wipe the aggressive water.
- Use moisturizers Moisturizers-use natural items to reduce dry skin. This is one of the best ways to keep your eczema under control. Hydrating the skin to reduce itching and irritation.
- Cotton Dress cotton dress-use reduce itching
- Cut Nails-You will do less damage to the skin when you scratch the skin
- Keep Hydrated-drink at least 8 glasses of water to keep your skin hydrated.
Sudden changes in temperature – • Avoid temperature and humidity.